THE CRUS FROM OUR LAND
From its very founding, our farm also applied the concept of the cru in olive cultivation and the production of its extra virgin olive oil (EVOO). It is a concept born in France a few centuries ago. We have applied it in its most rigorous sense: an olive grove in a specific location with its olive trees of specific varieties.
For this reason, the names of all our EVOOs are formulated as follows:
Grand Cru (or Cru) + the name of the area where the olive grove from which the olives used to produce that EVOO is located
Almost all our olive groves are located in the towns of Canino, Tessennano and Arlena di Castro, all in the province of Viterbo, with the exception of one in Sonnino in the province of Frosinone:
- CANINO: Mentioned for the first time in the 9th century in a document of Pope Leo IV, its origins are quite ancient. In fact, it was part of Etruscan Lucomonia, in one of its most important settlements known as Vulci which, between the 7th and 5th centuries BC enjoyed significant economic prosperity and political prestige.
The olive groves in this town are located in the areas of: Gioacchina, Musignano and Quaranta rubie.
- TESSENNANO: There is no definite information about the existence of this town until the Middle Ages. According to legend, it was founded by Ascanius, the son of Aeneas. It is probably of Etruscan origin and in ancient times was a stop-over on the route connecting Tuscania and Canino.
The olive groves in this town are located in the areas of: Capo Terzo, Monte freddo, Morone and Piscine.
- ARLENA DI CASTRO: An agricultural center in the Volsini mountains on the southwest face of the volcanic range. Virtually uninhabited, all that remains is an old fortress, the Roccaccia, which was essentially rebuilt in the second half of the 16th century on the instructions of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese the Younger (b. Valentano 1520 – d. Rome, 1589; grandson of Pope Paul III).
The olive grove in this town is in Spinicci.
These three towns all lie on the plain next to the sea, where the cities of Tarquinia and Tuscania are also located, as was the city of Vulci. It was on this plain that the Etruscan civilization was born over 3,000 years ago, providing the fertile territory for Latin culture that would give rise to Rome. It is part of what is known as Upper Tuscia.
- SONNINO: Its origins are probably Roman and pre-Roman. In ancient times inhabited by the Volsci, an Italic people, it later came under Roman control and was densely populated. Dating from the Middle Ages is the imposing castle with its grand cylindrical tower. The castle, perched on Colle Sant’Angelo was built around the 9th century by the De Sompnino family, the first ruling nobility of Sonnino. It remained part of the Papal States until 1870, when it was admitted to the newly-formed Italian nation.
The olive grove in this town is in Sonnino.